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'Online learning of Serbian language is efficient and saves your time.' - L. N. Lagrini

Past Tense in Serbian Language with Exercises

PAST TENSE – PROŠLO VREME

The tenses in Serbian language might be simple or complex. Past tense belongs to the group of complex tenses, because it is made of two verbs (an auxiliary verb and an ordinary verb).  


When you want to make past tense in Serbian language, you will use:

1) auxilliary verb ’jesam’ (shorter form)
+
2) stem – the first part of the verb (without ending  ’ti’) – gleda(ti), peva(ti), žele(ti) ...
And then you add endings – o, la, lo, li, le, la    (depending of a gender of a word)

Examples:

1)
Ja sam želeo, želela, želelo
Ti si želeo, želela, želelo
On je želeo, ona je želela, ono je želelo

Mi smo želeli, želele, želela
Vi ste želeli, želele, želela
Oni su želeli, one su želele, ona su želela

2)
Ja sam pevao, pevala, pevalo
Ti si pevao, pevala, pevalo
On je pevao, ona je pevala, ono je pevalo

Mi smo pevali, pevale, pevala
Vi ste pevali, pevale, pevala
Oni su pevali, one su pevale, ona su pevala

EXERCISES:

1. Make the past tense from following verbs (napravi prošlo vreme od sledećih glagola): 
Tražiti VratitiČekati Igrati Praviti 

2. Podvuci glagole u prošlom vremenu – Underline verbs in past tense:
 Ja sam spavala do podne.Oni su ostali sa nama.Čekali smo voz.Marko je mislio na Anu.Ti si pričao o vestima.Dečaci su trčali na stadionu.Devojčica je želela lutku.Prijatelji su pili vino.Učitelj je glasno čitao knjigu.Sestre su govorile holandski jezik.Ja sam telefonirala dečku.Uveče u dnevnoj sobi otac je gledao TV.Šetali smo u centru Amsterdama.Vreme je bilo lepo. 



3. Put the sentences into past time, like in example
Oni dolaze u podne. – Oni su dolazili u podne.

Mi razgovaramo o knjizi.
Ana misli na svoju sestru.
Kiša pada.
Marko i Ana sanjaju isti san.
Za doručak imate musli i jogurt.
Telefon zvoni.
Marko spava.
Sunce sija.
Ana vozi dobar auto.
Moj deda dobro kuva.
Da li želiš čašu mleka?
Maja lepo peva.

Did you get it right ?
Write me to check your answers.

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Serbian Teacher Online

Lidija Lagrini 

Cyrillic for Children 3 - Ћирилица за децу 3 - Ćirilica za decu 3

Да ли Ваше дете жели да научи ћирилицу, али на интернету не може наћи задатке за свој ниво? Ево једног лаког вежбања које га може подстаћи и охрабрити у учењу.

Encourage your child to learn Serbian Cyrillic with Serbian teacher online.

Which Cyrillic letters are missing ?
Која ћирилична слова недостају ?


Уколико желите још вежбања попут овог, пишите ми на kratkeprice@gmail.com . 














Да ли сте погодили ? Пишите ми и проверите своје одговоре.



Learn Serbian online!
Lidija Novakovic Lagrini

Modal Constructions in Serbian Language

In everyday conversations, we very often use modal constructions.The formula for making modal construction in present tense in Serbian language is:

MODAL VERB + DA + VERB 

Modal verbs in every language are the verbs which usually demand other verb.
Like in English examples: I have to go. You may proceed. I want to talk. We need to stay. etc.

These verbs often have the irregular conjugation. Let’s first see the conjugation of these verbs (and later we’ll see them in a role of modal verbs):




MOĆI (may) – iregular verb
Ja mogu
Ti možeš
On, ona, ono može
Mi možemo
Vi možete
Oni, one, ona mogu

HTETI (want) – this verb is iregular, modal and auxiliary verb
Ja hoću/ću
Ti hoćeš/ćeš
On, ona, ono hoće/će
Mi hoćemo/ćemo
Vi hoćete/ćete
Oni, one, ona hoće/će

MORATI (must, have to) – regular verb

SMETI (to be allowed) – regular verb

ŽELETI (wish) – iregular verb
Ja želim
Ti želiš
On, ona, ono želi
Mi želimo
Vi želite
Oni, one, ona žele

VOLETI (love, like) – the same conjugation as ŽELETI

TREBATI (need) – this verb is special and it is only in use in its modal form:
Ja treba da...
Ti treba da...
On, ona, ono treba da...
Mi treba da...
Vi treba da...
Oni, one, ona treba da...

ZNATI – regular verb

In modal constructions, these verbs are used with the conjunction DA.
Examples:
Ja znam da plivam
Ti treba sada da spavaš.
Mi moramo da učimo.
Vi smete još malo da spavate.
Ona želi da uči nemački jezik.
On može da ide.
Ja ću sada da kuvam.

When you learn how to make  modal constructions in Serbian language, that will be a nice way to say your message in conversation and to improve your communication skills. If you want to learn Serbian modal construction in past tense, write me

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Lidija Novaković Lagrini

Easy and Difficult in Serbian Language

Is it difficult to learn Serbian language ? 

Depends. Some areas are easy and some are difficult; just like in many other languages. If you want to learn easy language, learn Esperanto. But, unfortunately, you probably won't find too many people to talk with. It's a shame, Esperanto is a wonderful language. But, let's get back to the Serbian. 


What is easy?

1) Words order. It's pretty much liberal in comparison to other languages. Just relax and combine the words.
2) Alphabet. We brag sometimes that we have the perfect alphabet, because we accomplished the ideal - one letter for one sound. That is making the reading easier, naturally. 
3) Present tense of regular verbs. There is a grammar formula for this and you may apply it to all regular verbs. To make negative form is equally easy, by adding 'ne' in front of the verb. 

What is of the medium difficulty? 

1) Gender of changeable words. Many languages have this category. In Serbian it's not too difficult to recognize the gender. Either use simple logic, or pay attention to the last letter.
2) Plural. There are few grammar patterns for making plural.
3) Modal constructions. Modal verb and the following verb are always connected by conjunction DA.
4) DA LI questions. You may easily learn this basic type of asking questions.     

  

What is difficult?

1) Case. Changeable words have different endings depending of the role the word takes in a sentence. For example, the word 'majka' (mother) might be 'majke', 'majci', 'majku', 'majko', majkom', and that is only the declension in singular.
If you are a speaker of some other language which recognizes cases (Slavic languages for example), this will not be difficult for you, because you understand the concept. But if you are not...
How to make the difficult easier?
a) memorize propositions, b) memorize typical declensions for all three genders, c) read the theory about different positions words might have in a sentence, it helps.
2) Pronunciation of some letters, I will write them in Cyrillic: Ђ, Џ, Њ, Љ, Ч, Ћ. Sometimes R (Р in Cyrillic). 
How to make this easier, you may read in the article Pronunciation of Serbian Letters . 

Are you a learner of Serbian ? Do you agree with my opinion ? 


it would be valuable to know,
Serbian Teacher online
Lidija Novaković Lagrini

Serbian humor - Dinja

The great way to learn Serbian is to watch movies, TV-shows and to follow Serbian YouTube stars. 

Have you already heard for Dinja ? 12.000 people like her on Facebook, she has 60.000 followers on Instagram and her videos on Youtube are seen 3.000.000 times. Her jokes are sharp, absurd, hilarious, extremely funny and often funny and serious at the same time.
Wouldn't you like to know what is she talking about ? 



Gaće su pravo izbora - The Underpants are the Right of Choice


What kind of question is that - why am I wearing underpants around my neck ?!! 
You are violating my integrity, you don't have any right to ask me that !! 
My underpants are my jewelry. 
And ? Now what ? 
As a woman, I have the right to choose how do I wear my underpants, around the neck or... 
I don't understand, why are you abusing me ?!


Let me know which other clips do you like. Learn Serbian online while laughing with Serbian humor. 




Serbian Teacher Online
Lidija Novaković Lagrini

Cyrillic for Children 2 - Ćirilica za decu 2 - Ћирилица за децу 2

Да ли Ваше дете жели да научи ћирилицу, али на интернету не може наћи задатке за свој ниво? Ево једног лаког вежбања које га може подстаћи и охрабрити у учењу.

Encourage your child to learn Serbian online with purple bear. 

Уколико желите још вежбања попут овог, пишите ми на kratkeprice@gmail.com . 



Which sentences about the picture are correct ? 

Koje реченице о нацртаном меди су тачне ?


1. На слици су меда, лисица и вук. 

2. Меда има розе шапице. 

3. Меда воли да једе мед. 

4. Пчеле праве мед. 

5. Медвед је љубичаст. 

6. Слон је загрлио медведа. 

7. Медвед једе сладолед. 

8. Меда има црвену сукњу. 

9. На слици је 11 пчела. 

10. Поред меде нацртан је његов ауто. 

11. Меда спава. 

12. Меда је радостан. 


Да ли сте погодили ? Колико реченица је тачно ? Пишите ми и проверите своје одговоре.



Learn Serbian online!
Lidija Novakovic Lagrini


Cyrillic for Children - Ćirilica za decu - Ћирилица за децу

Да ли Ваше дете жели да научи ћирилицу, али на интернету не може наћи задатке за свој ниво? Ево једног лаког вежбања које га може подстаћи и охрабрити у учењу. 

Encourage your child to learn Serbian online with these easy exercises. 


Уколико желите још вежбања попут овог, пишите ми на kratkeprice@gmail.com . 


1. Које предмете видиш на слици ? Упиши слова која недостају. Which оbjects do you see on the picture? Fill in the blanks. 


1. ОЛО_К_ 

2. _АБУКА   

3. СВЕ_KA   

4. ЛЕЊИ_  

5. СПАЈА_ИЦА   

6. _ОЉА  

7. КЊИ_А  

8. МАКАЗ_ 

РЕЦИ: НА КОМ МЕСТУ КОРИСТИШ ОВЕ ПРЕДМЕТЕ ? 

SAY: IN WHAT PLACE DO WE USE THESE OBJECTS ? 



1. Шта видиш на слици ? Упиши слова која недостају. What do you see on the picture? Fill in the blanks. 


1. _УНЦЕ   

2. КОФИЦ_
3. ЛО_ИОН
4. НАОЧ_РЕ
5. МОРСКА _ВЕЗДА
6. РИ_А

РЕЦИ: НА КОМ МЕСТУ МОЖЕШ ВИДЕТИ СВЕ ОВО ? 

SAY: IN WHAT PLACE МАY WE SEE ALL OF THESE ? 


Learn Serbian online!
Lidija Novaković Lagrini